Multiple sclerosis is a neurodegenerative disease that affects the central nervous system, also referred to as "autoimmune" due to the reaction of the immune system directed towards the body. The immune defenses attack certain parts of the central nervous system, recognizing them as foreign bodies and activating an inflammatory process that can damage or cause the loss of myelin, a substance that lines nerve fibers like a sheath, and the cells that produce it.
This process can take place in various areas, affecting the optic nerves, the cerebellum and spinal cord and it is for this reason that the symptoms of the disease may differ depending on the location and extent of the injury.
One of the symptoms common to most of the forms with which multiple sclerosis occurs is, the exhaustion; indeed, people suffering from condition feel exhausted, much more than normal, and without strenght, physical and mental.
Until today, the efforts to reduce fatigue were made through drugs, but many of these had serious side effects;, some researchers have thought of fighting fatigue by sending electrical impulses to the brain.
Where do these impulses come from??
Scientists first studied regions that do not communicate well with increased fatigue and then later, they performed a neuromodulation intervention through a customizable helmet made up of an electrode that sends electrical signals.
This new non-invasive technology, which can also be used at home, showed that a stimulation of 15 minutes for 5 consecutive days reduces the fatigue for months.
To get feedback, after the treatment, the researchers looked at the area of the brain that controls body position and touch (or the somatosensory region). The results obtained showed a normalization of this region, therefore it can be said that it is very effective to re-establish communication between the compromised areas to decrease the sense of fatigue in people affected by this pathology.
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